Important Files

Windows

$MFT Master File Table

  • Kind of index of all files on the hard drive
  • https://jmharkness.wordpress.com/2011/01/27/mft-file-reference-number/
  • All the entries of the MFT have a reference number, composed of the number of the MFT entry (6 bytes) and the sequence number (2 bytes) in hexadecimal.
  • Ref: 0x002E00000000F1AB -> MFT entry: 00000000F1AB, Sequence number: 0x002E
  • Can be dumped with: http://malware-hunters.net/all-downloads/

MRU Most Recently Used

  • NTUSER.dat
  • Can be read with RegRipper with the plugin runmru.
  • Pulling the UserAssist, which stores the latest applications, shortcuts and documents opened by the user
    • rip.exe -p userassist -r ../NTUSER.DAT

USN Journal (Update Sequence Number Journal)

  • Keeps a log of the changes that are made in an NTFS volume
  • http://forensicinsight.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/F-INSIGHT-Advanced-UsnJrnl-Forensics-English.pdf
  • Extract the log with FTK Imager
  • parse this journal with the NTFS Log Tracker: https://sites.google.com/site/forensicnote/ntfs-log-tracker
C: \ $ Extend \ $ UsrJrnl,

Logs

C: \ Windows \ system32 \ winevt \ logs

User logins

Each time a session is started the user profile is loaded. This action leaves a record in the Microsoft-Windows-User Profile Service log/Operational.evtx

Registry

C: \ Windows \ system32 \ config
  • Timezone: HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\TimeZoneInformation
  • Computer Name: HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName
  • Last Shutdown: HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Windows -> ShutdownTime
  • Build Number: HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\NT\CurrentVersion\CurrentBuildNumber

  • Important Registry Locations Collection: https://www.dfir.training/resources/downloads/windows-registry

Prefetch

File extensions of interest

  • http://www.hexacorn.com/blog/2019/02/11/file-extensions-of-interest/